1. The Right to Vote
Unlike permanent residents, U.S. citizens have the right to vote. Needless to say, if you plan on residing in the United States long term, you would probably like to have some say over who your elected representatives are and what the nation's policies look like. You can only do this by naturalizing.
2. Federal Benefits
When you become a U.S. citizen, you become eligible to receive a variety of federal benefits such as Medicare and Social Security. Additionally, many government employment opportunities are limited to those with U.S. citizenship.
3. The U.S. Passport
All U.S. citizens have the right to a United States passport. A U.S. passport allows you to travel internationally, in many cases without needing a visa. It also allows you to more easily re-enter the United States. Additionally, U.S. citizens can travel for an unlimited period of time without losing their citizenship. This differs from permanent residents whose status could be revoked if they spend too much time outside of the United States.
4. Sponsor Family Members to Migrate Legally to the U.S.
U.S. citizens have greater opportunity to petition for family members to join them in the U.S. A U.S. citizen can petition for an immigrant visa for a spouse, children, parents and siblings. Permanent residents may only petition for spouses and children, not parents or siblings, and these visa categories often have long wait times.
5. Increase Earning Potential
December 2012 study by Manuel Pastor and Justin Scoggins of the University of Southern California found that citizenship leads to higher wages for naturalized immigrants both immediately and over the long term. Naturalization lets employers know that an employee is fully committed to life in the United States. This can lead to an increased investment by the employer by way of education and training for the employee.
6. Money for College
Unlike permanent residents, U.S. citizens have the right to receive government issued grants for education. Additionally, many scholarships issued by individual colleges also require the student to be a U.S. citizen.
7. Lack of Fear From Being Deported
Though permanent residents have legal immigrant status, they still may be deported for such reasons as committing a serious crime. Unlike U.S. citizens, permanent residents will always be faced with to the possibility of being deported or denied entry to the U.S. for an increasing number infractions.